1. Food
Send to a Friend via Email
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Ancient Egyptian Foods And Recipes

What Did the Ancient Egyptians Eat?


Lara Ferroni/Photodisc/Getty Images
The history of ancient Egyptians is always included in school curriculums, however I have noticed that they fail to comment on what the diet of the ancient Egyptians was.

Many people are surprised to find that a few of the foods ancient Egyptians consumed are being eaten still today! For example, ful medammes, a fava bean dish that is often a breakfast food is now the National Dish of Egypt was eaten in the Pharaonic periods. Hummus was also served in ancient Egypt as well.

What the ancient Egyptians ate varied depending of their social and financial stats. The more money and power you had, the better you ate.


Several fruits were eaten in ancient Egypt, depending on the period. What was available depended on agriculture and trade. Popular fruits in ancient Egypt include:
  • dates
  • grapes
  • pomegranates
  • peaches
  • watermelon


Several types of meats were eaten, including pork in some regions.

Cattle beef was commonly eaten by the rich, along with sheep or goat, while the poor often ate geese, ducks and other fowl.

Animals that we consider to be exotic today we also eaten, such as gazelles and antelopes.

Because of religious stigma, many types of seafood were avoided.


Beer was a common beverage and served at meals. It was made from barley and stored in specially made beer jars.

Wine was consumed at meals by the rich. The manner in which wine was made is very similar to how it is made today.

There is evidence of cow milk consumption, but may have been included in a recipe and not necessarily as a drink.


Bread was a very important part of the ancient Egyptian diet. It differed from the breads we eat today. Bread in ancient Egypt was very hard and gritty, not soft and chewy like we consume today. It was very damaging to their teeth.

There was a wide variety to eat in ancient Egypt. Egyptologists believe that even the poor ate well, and few starved.
  1. About.com
  2. Food
  3. Middle Eastern Food
  4. Middle Eastern Food 101
  5. What did the Ancient Egyptians Eat?

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.